class restless.preparers.CollectionSubPreparer(lookup, preparer)

A preparation class designed to handle collections of data.

This is useful in the case where you have a 1-to-many or many-to-many relationship of data to expose as part of the parent data.


# First, set up a preparer that handles the data for each thing in
# the broader collection.
comment_preparer = FieldsPreparer(fields={
    'comment': 'comment_text',
    'created': 'created',
# Then use it with the ``CollectionSubPreparer`` to create a list
# of prepared sub items.
preparer = FieldsPreparer(fields={
    # A normal blog post field.
    'post': 'post_text',
    # All the comments on the post.
    'comments': CollectionSubPreparer('comments.all', comment_preparer),

Handles passing each item in the collection data to the configured subpreparer.

Uses a loop and the get_inner_data method to provide the correct item of the data.

Returns a list of data as the response.

class restless.preparers.FieldsPreparer(fields)

A more complex preparation object, this will return a given set of fields.

This takes a fields parameter, which should be a dictionary of keys (fieldnames to expose to the user) & values (a dotted lookup path to the desired attribute/key on the object).


preparer = FieldsPreparer(fields={
    # ``user`` is the key the client will see.
    # ```` is the dotted path lookup ``FieldsPreparer``
    # will traverse on the data to return a value.
    'user': '',
lookup_data(lookup, data)

Given a lookup string, attempts to descend through nested data looking for the value.

Can work with either dictionary-alikes or objects (or any combination of those).

Lookups should be a string. If it is a dotted path, it will be split on . & it will traverse through to find the final value. If not, it will simply attempt to find either a key or attribute of that name & return it.


>>> data = {
...     'type': 'message',
...     'greeting': {
...         'en': 'hello',
...         'fr': 'bonjour',
...         'es': 'hola',
...     },
...     'person': Person(
...         name='daniel'
...     )
... }
>>> lookup_data('type', data)
>>> lookup_data('greeting.en', data)
>>> lookup_data('', data)

Handles transforming the provided data into the fielded data that should be exposed to the end user.

Uses the lookup_data method to traverse dotted paths.

Returns a dictionary of data as the response.

class restless.preparers.Preparer

A plain preparation object which just passes through data.

It also is relevant as the protocol subclasses should implement to work with Restless.


Handles actually transforming the data.

By default, this does nothing & simply returns the data passed to it.

class restless.preparers.SubPreparer(lookup, preparer)

A preparation class designed to be used within other preparers.

This is primary to enable deeply-nested structures, allowing you to compose/share definitions as well. Typical usage consists of creating a configured instance of a FieldsPreparer, then use a SubPreparer to pull it in.


# First, define the nested fields you'd like to expose.
author_preparer = FieldsPreparer(fields={
    'id': 'pk',
    'username': 'username',
    'name': 'get_full_name',
# Then, in the main preparer, pull them in using `SubPreparer`.
preparer = FieldsPreparer(fields={
    'author': SubPreparer('user', author_preparer),
    # Other fields can come before/follow as normal.
    'content': 'post',
    'created': 'created_at',

Used internally so that the correct data is extracted out of the broader dataset, allowing the preparer being called to deal with just the expected subset.


Handles passing the data to the configured preparer.

Uses the get_inner_data method to provide the correct subset of the data.

Returns a dictionary of data as the response.